Germany Gothic Architecture
During the 15th century Germany experimented with Medieval Architecture designs. German architects worked with vault structures in an attempt to create the largest possible spaces with ceiling design. Emphasis was placed on creatinghall churches, which were built with a long section where people could sit, called the nave. On each side of the nave there was a lower aisle; the nave and the isle were fashioned to be the same height. Examples of these hall churches in Germany include St. Martin’s, Landshut.
German designs used double choirs, that is, churches with apses (a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome). Typically, they were situated at both the east and west ends of the building. Details incorporated into designs were borrowed from Italian design.
Moldings used were simple and basic. The most internal distinctive feature of German Gothic design was the great height of the triforium, a shallow gallery of arches within the thickness of inner wall, which stands above the nave. German designers experimented with geometrical figures and lines, which mostly translated into elaborate tracery for windows and paneling. German architects created a large collection of brick buildings in their medieval designs, a collection that is not seen as much in other European countries. Part of this is attributed to the fact that brick was an easy natural resource for builders.
Although buildings in Germany possess many universal structures specific to Gothic Architecture, many of the buildings possess a distinct national character that is not found in other European countries.
- Heidelberg Castle, Baden-Württemberg
- Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall), Bavaria
- Ulm Münster Church, Baden-Württemberg
- Freiburg Minster, Baden-Württemberg
- Regensburg Cathedral, Bavaria
- St. Anne's Church, Bavaria
- Marienkirche, Berlin
- Marburg Elisabethkirche (St. Elisabeth's Church), Hessen
- Hildesheim Cathedral, Lower Saxony
- Cologne Cathedral, North Rhine-Westphalia
- Lübeck Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church), Schleswig-Holstein
- Georgenkirche, Thuringia
- Castle Church, Wittenberg
- City Church, Wittenberg