Sketchup Walls; Draw walls on the lower level :
We will learn how to use Offset to create walls that look thick. We will learn how to do the basic first such as activating the Offset tool by choosing one of the different methods to create walls using the push/pulling method.
We are first going to make a floor-plan with wall thickness and then push/pull up the walls. We will assign precise values by typing them and hitting enter. We will discuss in details the push/pull tool. Double click with the tool onto another face will extrude it to the same height which make it really easy to create walls.
- Adding Exterior Walls:
We so far have learned how to use the line tool. Now we are going to use the Offset tool.
The Offset tool introduction:
We are going to use the Offset tool to create copies of lines and faces. We can use this tool to offset edges of faces either inside or outside of the original face.
Now activate the Offset tool from the tool Palette (Mac OS X), the Modification Toolbar (Microsoft Windows) or from the Tools menu, or just use the keyboard shortcut" F ".
Once the Offset tool is activated, place it inside the shape that we just created, and click the left side mouse button and hold it, don't release it yet. While still holding, enter 8" (200 mm) using the keyboard and press enter. Then release the mouse.
We just established the initial external wall of the house. We will later edit it, but for now we are just using a general external wall thickness (8")or (200 millimeters). Now we are going to create the internal walls of the house.
- Draw the Interior Walls:
From the top menu, go to Camera >> Standard View >> and choose " Top". Use the Pan Tool and/or The Orbit Tool to adjust the screen as you see fit.
Activate the Line Tool, and starting from the third endpoint that we have already created, draw a line on the green axis starting from the interior line; the one we created with offset tool, enter 25' (7620 mm).
Hover with the cursor over the endpoint , when the tip of the pointer turns to green dot, one click with the mouse to start a line.
With the Line tool still active, move the mouse to the right side until it's red, enter 4' (1220 mm) and press Enter. Move the mouse downward and enter 4' (1220 mm) and press Enter. Finally, close the shape by connecting to the 25' (7620 mm) interior wall as shown. Make sure the line turns to red before you enclose the shape.
Activate the Line Tool, hover with mouse over the right side of the square we just created until it says " Midpoint" , one click and connect it to the eastern exterior wall (only up to the interior line). Again make sure it turns to red before you connect it.
Now we are going to need to use another new tool: The Tape Measure or the Measurement Tool. The Tape Measure tool is used to measure distances between two points.
Select the Tape Measure tool, the cursor changes to a tape measure. Click anywhere at the Right-Northern wall to make it as starting point. Use the inference tool tip to make sure you click on the exact point.
Move the cursor in the downward direction. Using the keyboard enter 18' and press Enter. A temporary measuring tape line will stretch out from the northern wall.
The Tape Measure tool will change color to match axes colors when it is parallel to any axes.
- In the main drawing area of SketchUp, click the right endpoint of the right wall where it meets with measurement line to make it the wall start point.
- Move the cursor to the left, enter 11'[279mm], and press ENTER.
- Move the cursor up, and select the intersection with the extension of the north wall.
Using SketchUp Eraser Tool:
Select the Eraser tool or Type "E". Click on the measurement line entity we created as a references to erase it as we don't need it anymore.
Tips: you can delete several objects at once by holding down the mouse button and dragging it over several objects to be erased. Once you release the mouse button, All selected items will be erased. You can also instead of erasing lines, hide them. Simply, activate the the Eraser tool then press and hold the Shift key and click on objects to hide them.
Type the letter T on your keyboard, the cursor changes to a tape measure. Click anywhere at the Right-Northern wall between the garage and the study area (see the picture of the final floor plan bellow ) to make it as starting point.Make sure you make the surface of the external wall from the INSIDE your starting point.
Move the cursor to the left direction. Using the keyboard enter 8' and press Enter. A temporary measuring tape point not line this time, will stretch out from the northern wall. Use this point as a reference where you draw a line to make the downstairs bathroom boundary. Refer to final floor plan and the attached copy of the completed work so far if you are confused.
- Creating Basic Interior Walls :
Keep in mind that we are designing the basic internal walls. There is no insulation yet. Depending on th building code set by your country or state/province, residential housing is usually 2x4 construction with 1/2 plywood on the outside, 1/2 inch drywall on the inside, plus any additional siding. We are looking at thickness of anywhere from 4.5" to 5,5" inches total and sometimes more or even less, it all depends. for example, there are 1 and 2 hour rated walls which leads to different thickness. And also, sound-proof walls necessarily means thicker walls etc..it all depends.
- Activate the Offset tool Again. Once the Offset tool is activated, place it inside the shape that we just created in southeast side, and click the left side mouse button and hold it, don't release it yet. While still holding, enter 3.5" (88 mm) using the keyboard and press enter. Only then release the mouse.
Now we have a problem, we have created an internal wall that is directly next to the external wall in the south side of the house. That's absolutely not necessary. Therefore, using the Eraser tool, delete the line of the internal line inside the garage and then just connect the lines to the external wall from the inside.
Do the same using the same measurement to create the other renaming shapes. Erase any extra internal walls that are directly next to the external walls. Erase any small lines that block some of the internals and external walls so that all walls (external and internals are connected).
- Using the skills you have learned so far, make sure you get the same results as in the picture using any method you like when crating walls. You can use the offset tool but you may have to delete some lines and draw them manually sometimes. Alternatively, you can just use the tool "line "along with the measurement tool to crate them manually. Study closely the picture attached if confused.
Use the attached file of the completed exercises so far if you have to. Don't worry if you can't figure out something now, you will eventually get it as we go along with our tutorials. Don't be afraid of making mistakes. As a matter of fact, I didn't explain in details the last part in purpose because i want you to make mistakes. Making mistakes is a good thing as it really helps you to learn.
- Finally, a tip, I think you will need, if you want to draw 2 lines that are not connected, click on the line sign after you draw the first one to break off the connection.
Make sure you master the " reference point " technique. It's extremely important, and it makes your jobs much much easier. Skecthup will tell you when you've reached the endpoint of another line. Another good tip for you: if you're trying to draw connected lines, click only on the called-out green endpoints when it "snaps to" them. You can easily find the exact middle of a line by hovering over that approximate location and then just watch for a blue dot to appear, that would be your midpoint.
- If you have questions, ask them in the public forum so everyone can benefit.
- This next step may be your very first experience to 3D design world. Here where the fun begins. This tutorial is about erecting the walls directly in 3D.
Now that we've created our floor plan in SketchUp, It's time to erect walls.
- Introducing the Push/Pull tool:
The Push/Pull tool is the most popular tool used in SketchUp; personally it's my favorite tool, and I'm positive you will love it as well. . We are going to use Push/Pull tool to push and pull Face entities to increase or decrease the volume of a certain face.
To have a better handling angle when you move from section to another on the design, don't forget to activate the Orbit tool to change the orientation of design if you have to.
- Activate the Push/Pull tool, or just use the Keyboard Shortcut the letter " P " .
Hover with the Push/Pull tool over the face of the any wall. Get closer using the Zoom tool if you can't clearly see what you are doing. Click once to engage the Push/Pull.
Most walls are at least 8 feet high, But we are going to make out lower level walls 10 feet high. It's just much better, and gives the house a way better looking and it's also more practical. Hover with mouse over the face of the wall. Click once to engage the Push/Pull, and type 10' then release the mouse...Wolla !! Look at that. How easy was that?